Learn Common Duas
The objective of this post is to help Muslims in knowing about the daily Duas, which they must memorize and recite on daily basis related to particular actions, and activities.
- When In Anger
- Before And After Meal
- Entering And Exiting Masjid
- When Sneezing
- Entering And Leaving Home
- When Feeling Stressed
- While Traveling
When In Anger:
In the stressful and highly competitive life of today, the one issue that almost every one of us faces pertaining to our conduct is anger. Everyone of us undergoes anger at one point or another during the day. The anger of ours leads to clouding our judgment and the consequent decisions we make end up hurting someone or making a decision that is a total loss. Therefore, for everyone in general and Muslims in particular, it is imperative to avoid anger, and one of the best way of doing so can be by reciting Dua. Pertaining to Dua for avoiding and controlling anger, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) told of the Dua in one of His hadith in the following way:
“If a person reads (this) when he is angry, then his anger shall go away.
اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ
Transliteration – “A’oozu Bil’laahi Minash Shaitaanir Rajeem”
Translation– “I seek refuge in Al’laah from Shaitaan the cursed” [Tirmizi Shareef Vol.2 Pg.183].
From this hadith it becomes evident that being in the state of anger is being under the influence of Satan. Therefore, when it comes to avoiding Satan or controlling his induced temptations, there is no better refuge than Allah Almighty. Hence, whenever in anger, a Muslim must recite this Dua and seek the help of Allah Almighty.
Before And After Meal:
Another important and regular activity done in daily routine is taking of meal. Usually across the globe people have three meals, however, there are areas in the world where people face hunger and don’t have regular meals available for providing nutrition to the body. Therefore, the provision of meals during the day is one of the greatest blessings of Allah Almighty and for such blessing a Muslim ought to be thankful to Allah the Merciful. When it comes to Dua pertaining to meals, there is a Dua that a Muslim must recite before the meal and a Dua which must be recited after the meal. The Duas to recite in this regard are as follows:
Dua before the meal is:
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
Transliteration – “Bismil laahir Rahmaanir Raheem”
Translation – “Al’laah’s Name we begin with, The Compassionate, Most Merciful.”
When finished with eating, a Muslim must recite the following Dua:
اَ لْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِىْ اَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَاناَ وَجَعَلَناَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ
Transliteration – “Alhumdu lil laahil Lazee At’amana Wa Saqaana Wa Ja’alana Minal Muslimeen”.
Translation – “All Praise is due to Al’laah, who has blessed us with food and drink and made us from amongst the Believers (Muslims)”. [Abu Dawood Pg.573]
The essence of both of these Duas is of thanking Allah Almighty for all the Mercy and Blessings He has bestowed upon Muslims in the form of meal.
Entering And Exiting Masjid:
Another regular activity that Muslims perform on daily basis is going to Masjid for prayers five times a day. Islam has put great stress on five times a day prayers in general and saying the prayers in the mosque in particular. Therefore, a practicing Muslim enters and exits a mosques five times a day where he submits to Allah Almighty and indulges in His prayer. Therefore, it is imperative that a Muslim knows and understands the importance of being in the mosque and recites particular Duas on respective actions.
Dua before entering the mosque is:
اللّهُـمَّ افْتَـحْ لي أَبْوابَ رَحْمَتـِك
Transliteration – “Allaahum-maf-Tahlee Abwaaba Rahmatika”.
Translation – “O Allaah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me.” [Sahi’h Muslim]
After prayer when a person exits Masjid, the following Dua should be recited:
اللّهُـمَّ إِنّـي أَسْأَلُكَ مِـنْ فَضْـلِك
Transliteration – “Allaahum-ma In-nee As`aluka Min Fadhlika”.
Translation – “O Allaah, I seek of You Your Grace.” [Sahi’h Muslim]
Thus when entering and exiting mosque, a Muslim must ask for the Mercy and Grace of Allah Almighty.
Although most of the activities undertaken by us in our daily routine are intentional, however, there are few unintentional things as well that happen to us every day. One of such things is the act of sneezing. The frequency of sneezing varies from person to person according to their nature and the condition they are in, regardless of whatever the reason be, the revival of breath after a sneeze is also a blessing of Allah Almighty and a Muslim ought to say thanks for it. Moreover, besides the person who sneezes, the other person who witnesses the sneeze must also respond to the Dua made by the sneezer. The person who sneezes must recite the following Dua:
Transliteration – “Alhamdulillah”!
Translation – “Thanks and all praise be to Allah”
The person who listens to the sneeze and witnesses the other person reciting the Dua after sneezing, should say the following:
Transliteration – “Yar Hamoo kall Lah”.
Translation – “May Allah have mercy on you.” [Bukhari ,Mishkaat Shareef Pg.405]
Entering And Leaving Home:
Home is the base of a person from which a person exits to search and earn the blessings of Allah Almighty and it is a place where after the long day a person returns and shares those blessings with the family members. Therefore, it is imperative that a Muslim realizes the importance of leaving the home and then entering it.
“The Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta’ala ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said, whoso ever recites this dua before leaving his home, all his difficulties will go away and he shall be protected from the mischief of his enemies and shaitaan will stay away from him:
بِسْمِ اللهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلىَ اللهِ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ اِلاَّ بِالله
Transliteration – “Bismil laahi Tawak’kaltu Alal laahi Wa Laa Hawla Wa Laa Quw’wata il’la bil’laah“
Translation – “Al’laah’s Name we begin with, I place my (full) trust in Al’laah and there is no Might and Power except with Al’laah.” [Tirmizi Shareef Vol.2 Pg.180]
When entering home, a Muslim must recite the following Dua:
بِسْـمِ اللهِ وَلَجْنـا، وَبِسْـمِ اللهِ خَـرَجْنـا، وَعَلـى رَبِّنـا تَوَكّلْـنا
Transliteration – “Bismillaahi walajnaa, wa bismillaahi kharajnaa, wa ‘alaaRabblnaa tawakkalnaa”
Translation – “In the Name of Allah we enter, in the Name of Allah we leave, and upon our Lord we depend [then say As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum to those present].” [Abu Dau’d]
When Feeling Stressed:
Due to all the competition and hard struggle during the day, it is quite natural that people become stressed. It is this stress that sometimes takes the shape of anger while in other times it causes depression, both of which are not favorable, hence it is imperative that a Muslim keeps control when under stress of pressure. Pertaining to facing any discomfort or being unhappy about something, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to recite the following Dua:
لآَ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللهُ الْحَلِيْمُ الْحَكِيْمُ لآَ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللهُ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيْم
لآَ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللهُ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتَ وَاْلاَرْضِ وَرَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْكَرِيْمِ
Transliteration – “Laa ilaaha il’lal laahul Haleemul Hakeemu – Laa ilaaha il’lal laahu Rab’bul Arshil Azeem – Laa ilaaha il’lal laahu Rab’bus Samawaati wal Ardi wa Rab’bul Arshil Kareem”.
Translation – “There is none worthy of worship except Al’laah, The Fore-bearing, The All Wise. There is none worthy of worship except Al’laah, The Lord of the Exalted Throne. There is none worthy of worship except Al’laah, The Lord of the Skies and The Lord of the Earth and the Lord of the distinguished Throne”. [Tirmidhi Vol.2 Pg. 181]
This Dua under stress shows the submissiveness of a person to the Authority and Supremacy of Allah Almighty, which represents the ideology that only He is the one Who can provide relief or assistance during stressful and discomforting situations.
Traveling is also an activity, which people undertake on daily basis. No matter how small a distance is or whatever means of traveling is to be adopted, there is always a concern of safety with traveling. Therefore, it is imperative that a person asks for the protection and safety of Allah Almighty.
سُبْحَنَ الَّذِىْ سَخَّرَلَنَا هَذَا وَ مَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِيْنْ وَ اِنَّا اِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُوْنْ
Transliteration –“Subhaanal lazee Sakh’khara Lana Haaza Wa Maa Kun’na Lahu Muqrineen. Wa In’na ilaa Rab’bina La Munqaliboon”.
Translation – “Glory be to Al’laah who has given us control over this (mode of transport) and without his Grace we would not have been able to control it and undoubtedly we are to return towards our Lord.” [Tirmizi, Abu Dawood]
In short, there are a variety of activities that a person undertakes in the daily routine. No matter whichever activity is undertaken, it is imperative that the help and blessings of Allah Almighty be asked for it and if there is a proper Dua available for it, then it must be memorized and recited while performing the activity.