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Maghrib (مغرب) After sunset until dusk Complete Guide

Each Salah is made up of repeating units or cycles called rakats (singular rakah). There may be two to four units. In Maghrib (مغرب) Salah Total 7 Rakats (3 Rakats Obligatory Plus 2 Rakats Sunnat-Mu’akkadah and 2 Nafl).

How To Perform Three Rakat Prayer :

Standing : (1st Rakat)

Salah is begun in a standing position (although people who find it physically difficult can perform salah in a way suitable for them).

Intention (niyyah) : 

Intention is a prerequisite for salah, and what distinguishes real worship from ‘going through the motions’. Some authorities hold that intention suffices in the heart, and some require that it be spoken, usually under the breath.

Takbirat al-ihram : 

  • One says Allahu akbar (اَللهُ أَكْبَرْ, “God is greater/greatest”).
  • Hands raised and thumbs placed behind the earlobes after hands down add a supplication praising Allah :
    سُبْحَاْنَكَ اَلْلّٰھُمَّ وَبِحَمدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالٰی جَدُّكَ وَلَا اِلٰه غَیْرِكَ
    subḥānaka llāhumma, wa bi-ḥamdika, wa tabāraka smuka, wa taʿālā jadduka, wa lā ʾilāha ġayruk
    “Glory to You, all praise is Yours, blessed is Your name, most high is Your majesty. None has the right to be worshiped but You.”

Recitation : 

Still standing, the next principal act is to recite the first chapter of the Qur’an, the Fatiha.

  • أَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّـيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمِ
    ‘aʿūḏu bi-llāhi mina š-šayṭāni r-rajīm.
  • Recite Surah Fatiha
  • Recite Any other portion of Quran

At the end of the recitations one moves to the next position, saying Allahu akbar as one does so.

Bowing (ruku) : 

The next position is a low bow, with palms placed on the knees (this is for men: most schools say women do not bow so low). While bowing, the one praying generally utters formulas of praise under the breath, such as

  • سبحان ربي العظيم  ( subḥāna rabbī l-ʿaẓīm, “Glorified be Allah, the Tremendous” ), three times or more.

Second standing :

As the worshipper straightens their back then

  • Say سمع الله لمن حمده  ( samiʿa llāhu li-man ḥamidah, “God hears the one who praises him.” )
  • An additional formula of praise is usually uttered under the breath, such as ربنا لك الحمد (rabbanā laka al-ḥamd, “O Lord, all praise is for you.”)
  • After a moment of standing, the worshipper moves to the prostration – again saying Allahu akbar.

Prostration (sujūd) : 

During prostration the forehead and nose, knees, palms and toes are placed on the ground. The worshipper usually recites remembrances of God under the breath, such as سبحان ربى الأعلى وبحمده (subḥāna rabbī l-‘aʿlā wa bi-ḥamdih, “Glory to my Lord the highest, and praise”). After a short while in prostration the worshipper very briefly rises to a sitting position, then returns to the ground a second time. As they rise from the second prostration, they say Allahu akbar as before. Lifting the head from the second prostration completes the Rakat then say Allahu akbar and come back to standing position.

Recitation : (2nd Rakat)

Recite

  • Recite Surah Fatiha
  • Recite Any other portion of Quran

At the end of the recitations one moves to the next position, saying Allahu akbar as one does so.

Bowing (ruku) : 

The next position is a low bow, with palms placed on the knees (this is for men: most schools say women do not bow so low). While bowing, the one praying generally utters formulas of praise under the breath, such as

  • سبحان ربي العظيم  ( subḥāna rabbī l-ʿaẓīm, “Glorified be Allah, the Tremendous” ), three times or more.

Second standing :

As the worshipper straightens their back then

  • Say سمع الله لمن حمده  ( samiʿa llāhu li-man ḥamidah, “God hears the one who praises him.” )
  • An additional formula of praise is usually uttered under the breath, such as ربنا لك الحمد (rabbanā laka al-ḥamd, “O Lord, all praise is for you.”)
  • After a moment of standing, the worshipper moves to the prostration – again saying Allahu akbar.

Prostration (sujūd) : 

During prostration the forehead and nose, knees, palms and toes are placed on the ground. The worshipper usually recites remembrances of God under the breath, such as سبحان ربى الأعلى وبحمده (subḥāna rabbī l-‘aʿlā wa bi-ḥamdih, “Glory to my Lord the highest, and praise”). After a short while in prostration the worshipper very briefly rises to a sitting position, then returns to the ground a second time. As they rise from the second prostration, they say Allahu akbar as before. Lifting the head from the second prostration completes the Rakat and  proceeds to sitting.

Sitting : 

The worshipper sits with legs folded under the body (the precise posture differs between schools), and recites a prayer called the tashahhud.

Recite :

at-taḥiyyātu li-lāhi, wa-ṣ-ṣalawātu wa-ṭ-ṭayyibātu. as-salāmu ʿalayka ayyuhā n-nabīyu wa-raḥmatu -llāhi wa-barakātuhu. as-salāmu ʿalaynā wa-ʿalā ʿibādi -llāhi ṣ-ṣāliḥīna. ʾashhadu an lā ʾilāha ʾillā -llāhu wa-ashhadu ʾanna muḥammadan ʿabduhū wa-rasūluhū.

التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلّٰهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ، اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلَىٰ عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِينَ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ‎

This translates as: “Salutations to God and prayers and good deeds. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of God and his blessings. Peace be on us and on the righteous servants of God. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His messenger.”

Returning to the standing position

Say Allahu akbar and return to standing position.

Recitation : (3rd Rakat)

In standing, the next principal act is to recite the first chapter of the Qur’an, the Fatiha.

  • Recite Surah Fatiha
  • Recite Any other portion of Quran

At the end of the recitations one moves to the next position, saying Allahu akbar as one does so.

Bowing (ruku) : 

The next position is a low bow, with palms placed on the knees (this is for men: most schools say women do not bow so low). While bowing, the one praying generally utters formulas of praise under the breath, such as

  • سبحان ربي العظيم  ( subḥāna rabbī l-ʿaẓīm, “Glorified be Allah, the Tremendous” ), three times or more.

Second standing :

As the worshipper straightens their back then

  • Say سمع الله لمن حمده  ( samiʿa llāhu li-man ḥamidah, “God hears the one who praises him.” )
  • An additional formula of praise is usually uttered under the breath, such as ربنا لك الحمد (rabbanā laka al-ḥamd, “O Lord, all praise is for you.”)
  • After a moment of standing, the worshipper moves to the prostration – again saying Allahu akbar.

Prostration (sujūd) : 

During prostration the forehead and nose, knees, palms and toes are placed on the ground. The worshipper usually recites remembrances of God under the breath, such as سبحان ربى الأعلى وبحمده (subḥāna rabbī l-‘aʿlā wa bi-ḥamdih, “Glory to my Lord the highest, and praise”). After a short while in prostration the worshipper very briefly rises to a sitting position, then returns to the ground a second time. As they rise from the second prostration, they say Allahu akbar as before. Lifting the head from the second prostration completes the Rakat and  proceeds to sitting.

Sitting : 

The worshipper sits with legs folded under the body (the precise posture differs between schools), and recites a prayer called the tashahhud.

Recite :

at-taḥiyyātu li-lāhi, wa-ṣ-ṣalawātu wa-ṭ-ṭayyibātu. as-salāmu ʿalayka ayyuhā n-nabīyu wa-raḥmatu -llāhi wa-barakātuhu. as-salāmu ʿalaynā wa-ʿalā ʿibādi -llāhi ṣ-ṣāliḥīna. ʾashhadu an lā ʾilāha ʾillā -llāhu wa-ashhadu ʾanna muḥammadan ʿabduhū wa-rasūluhū.

التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلّٰهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ، اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلَىٰ عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِينَ، أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ‎

This translates as: “Salutations to God and prayers and good deeds. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of God and his blessings. Peace be on us and on the righteous servants of God. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His messenger.”

Durood Ibrahimiyya : 

أللهم صل على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما صليت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد. أللهم بارك على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما باركت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد

Allahumma Salli aala Muhammadin wa a ala aali Muhammadin kamaa sallayta a ala Ibrahim wa  a ala aali Ibrahim innaka hameedun majeed, Allahumma baarik a ala Muhammadin wa aala aali Muhammadin kamaa baarakta a ala Ibrahim wa aala aali Ibrahim innaka hameedun majeed.

O Allah! Send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad as You sent blessings upon Abraham and upon the family of Abraham; indeed, You are praiseworthy and glorious. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Abraham and the family of Abraham; indeed, You are praiseworthy and glorious.

Duaa after DUROOD IBRAHIM :

رَبِّ ٱجْعَلْنِى مُقِيمَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِى ۚ رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَآءِ رَبَّنَا ٱغْفِرْ لِى وَلِوَ‌ٰلِدَىَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ ٱلْحِسَابُ

Rabbij’alnee muqeemas salaati wa mindhur-riy yatee rab-banaa watha qab-bal du’a, rab-ba nagh-firlee wali waaliday-ya wa lil mu-mineena yawma yaqumul hisaab.

Oh Lord, make me and my children keep up prayers Our Lord, accept our prayer, Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and all the Believers on the Day of Judgement.

Taslim :

Ends the prayer (and exits their state of consecration) by saying السلام عليڪم ورحمة الله (as-salāmu ʿalaykum wa raḥmatu llāh, “Peace and God’s mercy be upon you”, the taslīm). This is said twice, first to the right and then to the left.